Visual functions before and after treatment at congenital myopia with / without amblyopia
Congenital myopia is a special form of high myopia that occurs in early childhood and combines progressive dystrophic changes in the retina and anomaly of refraction with refractive and anisometropic amblyopia. The search is being continued for a differentiated approach to the appointment of procedures in this form of amblyopia .
Comparative analysis of visual functions in patients with congenital myopia with amblyopia and without amblyopia before / after pleopto-orthoptic treatment has been performed In the laboratory of the binocular vision disturbances of the Filatov Institute . There were performed the following examinations : visometry without / with correction, refractometry, determination of accommodative reserves, ultrasound biometry, ophthalmoscopy, biomicroscopy, binocular vision on a color test, . Contrast sensitivity (CS) was determined using modified tables (2013), color thresholds – Using developed tables in SI “ The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy of NAMS of Ukraine » (Patent of Ukraine . utility model No 114858 from 01.2017). Comprehensive treatment included: optimal correction, accommodation training, pleoptic treatment, phosphenlectrostimulation, laser stimulation (LAST, Rainbow), computer programs, light and color stimulation (ASO, CEM, Roucheek), physiotherapy ( electrophoresis with aloe extract + ascorbic acid, massage of the cervical spine).
It was found that the complex of pleopto-orthoptic treatment allowed to significantly improve visual acuity at congenital myopia and amblyopia, contrast sensitivity has been changed (increased in children with congenital myopia without changes in eye fundus ) and color perception (improved in children with amblyopia and myopia aged 5 - 12 y/o).
Contact person: Iryna Mikhailovna Boychuk